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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the symptoms of early localized disease of Lyme disease?

The early localized disease is distinguished by the red ring-like expanding rash of Erythema migrans at the site of a recent tick bite. Other symptoms experienced at this stage may be flu-like symptoms, malaise, headache, fever, myalgia, and arthralgia. Most patients only experience the symptoms of early, localized disease.

What are the stages of Lyme disease?

Lyme disease or Lyme borreliosis is the most commonly transmitted tick-borne infection in the United States and among the most frequently diagnosed tick-borne infections worldwide. Lyme disease is divided into three stages: early localized, early disseminated, and late.

What is Lyme disease caused by?

In the United States, Lyme disease is caused by the bacterial spirochete Borrelia burgdorferiand is transmitted by the bite of an Ixodesgenus tick, mostly commonly Ixodes scapularis. In Eurasia, the predominant causes are B. burgdorferi, Borrelia afzelii, and Borrelia garinii.

Where is Lyme disease most commonly found?

The primary states with endemic Lyme disease are Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, and Wisconsin. Sporadic cases have been reported in northern California, Oregon, and Washington. [5][6]

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