The corpus luteum ( Latin for "yellow body"; plural corpora lutea) is a temporary endocrine structure in female ovaries and is involved in the production of relatively high levels of progesterone and moderate levels of estradiol and inhibin A. It is the remains of the ovarian follicle that has released a mature ovum during a previous ovulation.What is the difference between the follicle and corpus luteum?
The follicle is a fluid filled sac that houses the egg, and the corpus luteum is the structure left behind after the egg bursts from the follicle (or ovulation ). Identifying these structures on diagrams or models is fairly straightforward.What is the corpus hemorrhagicum and corpus luteum?
The follicle first forms a corpus hemorrhagicum before it becomes a corpus luteum, but the term refers to the visible collection of blood, left after rupture of the follicle, that secretes progesterone. While the oocyte (later the zygote if fertilization occurs) traverses the Fallopian tube into the uterus, the corpus luteum remains in the ovary.What happens to the corpus luteum after fertilization?
The name corpus luteum translates into yellow body in Latin, which corresponds with its yellow color. If sperm fertilizes the egg, the corpus luteum will keep making hormones, It reaches its peak size after about ten weeks, and then it will shrivel up after 16-20 weeks.