Keyword Analysis & Research: epidemiology of hiv in nigeria


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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the prevalence of HIV in Nigeria?

While Nigeria’s national HIV prevalence is 1.4% among adults aged 15–49 years, women aged 15–49 years are more than twice as likely to be living with HIV than men (1.9% versus 0.9%.)

Why is there a gender gap in HIV prevention in Nigeria?

This difference is driven by gender inequality. In 2018, 40% of HIV infections in Nigeria occurred among young people (ages 15-24). Only 34% of young men and 43% of young women are fully aware of how to prevent HIV. Nigeria has the highest number of annual HIV infections among children in the world (14% of the global total).

What is the stigma of HIV in Nigeria?

The People Living With HIV Stigma Index (2021) found 20% of people with HIV had experienced HIV-related stigma in the past 12 months, while a 2021 study suggests around 60% of Nigerians hold discriminatory attitudes towards people with HIV. This stops people testing for HIV or accessing treatment if they need it.

What is the prevalence of HIV in children?

Among children aged 0–14 years, HIV prevalence according to the new data is 0.2%. Significant efforts have been made in recent years to stop new HIV infections among children. At the national level, viral suppression among people living with HIV aged 15–49 years stands at 42.3% (45.3% among women and 34.5% among men).

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