|corpus callosum splenium dwi||0.05||0.6||5365||20|
Abstract Aim of Review The presence of isolated, reversible lesions in the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC) is essential to confirm the diagnosis of mild encephalitis/encephalopathy. The lesions usually heal within a month after the onset of neurological symptoms.Does infarction cause diffusion restriction in the corpus callosum?
Abstract Purpose: Infarction of the corpus callosum is rare, and other conditions can cause magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) restricted diffusion in the callosum, leading to diagnostic uncertainty. We sought to characterize the etiology of lesions with diffusion restriction in the corpus callosum.What causes cytotoxic edema in the splenium of the corpus callosum?
Depiction of the pathophysiological hypothesis of the reversible lesion in the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC) that leads to cytotoxic edema. Cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF‐α), interleukin‐1 (IL‐1), and interleukin‐6 (IL‐6), are released.Is splenial lesion (arrows) more conspicuous on DWI or flair image?
Splenial lesion (arrows) is more conspicuously demonstrated on DWI than on FLAIR image. C. ADC map image reveals restricted water diffusion of lesion (arrow).